Essays on, Translations of, and Commentaries concerning,
the Philosophical Writings of Immanuel Kant

General Note on translations and essays

Anschauung is understood by most Kantian scholars as "intuition". I am presently thinking about using now "view" instead of my usual "envisagement" and have done so in several of these essays. "Etwas anschauuen" = "to look at something" or "to veiw something). When I spy a face in the cloud or a dipper in the northern night sky, a German may say, "Das ist Ihre Anschauung" = "that's your view" (or envisagement or intuition or looking), i.e., that's what you see and it may be different for others, or: that's the way you look at the cloud. See also this blog on Anschauung.

Lectures at an Atheist Youth Camp.

Teaching the atheist youth what it means to be thoroughly rational in a world which is devoid of God.

Split Fingers (11/20/97)

Reflections upon reading Thomas Reid's Inquiry . These reflections deal in the first instance with the "split-finger" when we touch our nose; and then more generally with the validity of empirical concepts.

Captain Hook and the Rainbow (1998)

A humorous, instructive and alternative view of space.

Development of the Empirical Concept. (8/24/00)

Prompted by an essay by Andrew Carpenter on this subject I seek to show that Kant's thinking with regard to the development of empirical concepts is consistent with the rest of his theory of knowledge.

Kant's Proof of Freedom (1/7/99).

A draft commentary on Kant's proof of the reality of freedom as presented in Section 6 of the Critique of Practical Reason, pp 53 and 54. -- Appendix added 1/9/99 to incorporate a report of teaching ethics in a technical university and an analysis of the implications of that report. This entire essay is still very drafty and needs editing and even to be reformulated, but the basic logic is clear. Briefly and illustratively: the penchant of Don Quixote to spy giants where others saw windmills is evidence of a pathological disturbance; the penchant of Don Quixote to do honorable things as a result of the moral law is not evidence of a pathological disturbance; although, from a strict understanding of the psychologist, the two penchants are indistinguishable; the reason for this differentiation? the psychologist is also subject to the moral law.

Third Analogy Very Briefly Considered (8/6/06)

An attempted exposition of this analogy.

In Aid of Trinitarians. (2001 2001 2015).

A consideration of real "multinities" and how they can provide an analogy for a trinity. Based on Kant's fascination with incongruent counterparts like the left and right hands.

Discerning The Divine.

A consideration of the criteria for judging of an alleged communication of God.

Highest Good. (7/22/06)

The purpose of the moral law is the Highest Good, i.e., moral perfection and commensurate happiness, which calls for immortality for the soul and an omnipotent and moral God.

Aesthetic versus Axioms or Kant's Contradiction? (8/2/00)

There is an apparent discrepancy in Kant's treatment of space and time in the Aesthetic and in the Axioms of Envisagement (in the Analytic) of Pure Reason. Here I have sought to reconcile these two sections and have done so by means of the difference between the "infinite givens" of time and space (per the Aesthetic) and the determination of spaces and times (of the Axioms).

Translations of Kant's Works
by Philip McPherson Rudisill

The Critique of Pure Reason.

Immediatedly below are translated sections from The Critique Of Pure Reason. Additional sections will be added in the future. These have been translated for the personal use of the translator and are made available here to all who might be interested. Considerable editing is on-going.

See also technical notes of the translator.

Preface to the First (A) Version of the Critique

Preface to the Second (B) Version of the Critique


The Transcendental Aesthetic

Transcendental Logic Introduction

Transcendental Analytic Leading to the Deduction of the Categories

The B Version of the Transcendental Deduction of the Categories

The A Version of the Transcendental Deduction of the Categories

Transcendental Analytic Following the Deduction of the Categories

Dialectic and Methodology to be added soon

Third Antinomy

Canon of Pure Reason

Prolegomena To Any Future Metaphysics
Which Can Arise As Science

Grounding Of The Metaphysic Of Morals

The Critique of Practical Reason

Religion Within The Bounds Of Sheer Reason

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